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Science may have found a link between biology and men who bottom
These researchers clearly believes in the stereotype of the feminine/"femaly wired" gay man who likes to be the receptive party during sex, as opposed to the masculine pro-active partner who wants to be on top.
This is a slightly more nuanced approach than Blanchard and Bailey's idea that all gay men are feminine. My own gay male friends insist that this is nothing but a stereoype. Most of them seem to very versatile when it comes to this part of their sexuality, although there are those that are exclusively top or bottoms. They may be influenced by gay "femme-phobia", I suspect -- i.e. the current preference of masculinity in many gay male circles -- but I doubt it.
This is the type of research where it is very easy to go from what researchers call "significant" variation on the macro level (the population as a whole) to individuals, who may -- to tell the truth -- display all kinds of variation as regards sexual preferences and gender expression. I still find it hard to understand why the macro level can tell me anything about the sexuality or identity of individual. If any of you can help me in this respect, please let me know.
The study’s 598 participants were recruited either on Facebook or at the 2015 Toronto Pride festival.
According to Queerty self-identifying bottoms more often than not have older brothers, are “non-right handed” (a.k.a. left handed), and/or do not conform to gender stereotypes as kids.
The researchers claim that men who demonstrated more “masculine” personality traits were more likely to be tops, while those with more “feminine” often identified as bottoms:
Self-identified tops rated themselves as more masculine compared to bottoms, and tops were more likely to score higher on male-typical cognitive styles, while bottoms were higher on female-typical cognitive styles.
And this could be linked to the amount of prenatal testosterone they received in utero:
In males, female-typical gender expression and same-sex attraction are thought to result from a relative lack of prenatal testosterone exposure, resulting in female-typical brain development and, thus, female-typical behavior and sexual partner preference (i.e., a preference for men).
You can proably see the relevance for gynephilic MTF crossdreamers. If they are right about being "a bottom" is linked to prenatal testosterone, what does that mean for crossdreamers who feel the same way, but who are attracted to women? (And vice versa for FTM crossdreamers.)
The full paper is available here: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0170241
The present study found that handedness, a sexually differentiated trait, mediates the relationship between sexual orientation and gender nonconformity, suggesting that the prenatal mechanisms underlying handedness also influence male same-sex sexual orientation and gender nonconforming behaviors.
Furthermore, the present findings suggest that the biological mechanisms that underlie handedness differentially apply to subgroups of gay men delineated by their anal sex role behavior.
Lastly, a curvilinear relationship was found between handedness and gender nonconformity, suggesting that high and low handedness scores are associated with more gender conformity compared to participants with intermediate/mixed handedness.
Together, these findings suggest that the developmental processes underlying handedness act in a nonlinear fashion to influence male same-sex sexual orientation and childhood gender nonconformity.
Lastly, the observed differences in handedness and gender expression among subgroups of gay men delineated by anal sex roles support the notion that gay men constitute a heterogeneous group with respect to developmental underpinnings of their same-sex sexual orientation.
Last Edited By: jackmolay May 3 17 5:10 AM. Edited 1 time